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Other major operations undertaken by the army include: Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus.Apart from conflicts, the army has conducted large peace time exercises like Operation Brasstacks and Exercise Shoorveer, and it has also been an active participant in numerous United Nations peacekeeping missions including those in: Cyprus, Lebanon, Congo, Angola, Cambodia, Vietnam, Namibia, El Salvador, Liberia, Mozambique and Somalia.At its height the Free India Legion had over 3,000 troops in its ranks.Indian POWs also joined the Indian National Army which was allied with the Empire of Japan.It is a major component of national power alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force.
1.3 million Indian soldiers served in World War I (1914–1918) with the Allies, in which 74,187 Indian troops were killed or missing in action.
It was raised by a former colonel of the British Indian Army (Gen) Mohan Singh, but later led by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and Rash Bihari Bose.
With the fall of Singapore in 1942, about 40,000 Indian soldiers were captured.
The Indian Army has a regimental system, but is operationally and geographically divided into seven commands, with the basic field formation being a division.
It is an all-volunteer force and comprises more than 80% of the country's active defence personnel.The Indian Army originated from the armies of the East India Company, which eventually became the British Indian Army, and the armies of the princely states, which finally became the national army after independence.