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In competitive events, participants are graded or classified based on their "result" and often divided into groups of comparable performance, (e.g. The measurement of the result may be objective or subjective, and corrected with "handicaps" or penalties.In a race, for example, the time to complete the course is an objective measurement.Winning can be determined by physical events such as scoring goals or crossing a line first.It can also be determined by judges who are scoring elements of the sporting performance, including objective or subjective measures such as technical performance or artistic impression.Sports betting is in some cases severely regulated, and in some cases is central to the sport. The singular term "sport" is used in most English dialects to describe the overall concept (e.g."children taking part in sport"), with "sports" used to describe multiple activities (e.g.In gymnastics or diving the result is decided by a panel of judges, and therefore subjective.
Professionalism became prevalent, further adding to the increase in sport's popularity, as sports fans followed the exploits of professional athletes — all while enjoying the exercise and competition associated with amateur participation in sports.
Sport is generally recognised as system of activities which are based in physical athleticism or physical dexterity, with the largest major competitions such as the Olympic Games admitting only sports meeting this definition, However, a number of competitive, but non-physical, activities claim recognition as mind sports.
The International Olympic Committee (through ARISF) recognises both chess and bridge as bona fide sports, and Sport Accord, the international sports federation association, recognises five non-physical sports: bridge, chess, draughts (checkers), Go and xiangqi, Sports are usually governed by a set of rules or customs, which serve to ensure fair competition, and allow consistent adjudication of the winner.
There are opposing views on the necessity of competition as a defining element of a sport, with almost all professional sport involving competition, and governing bodies requiring competition as a prerequisite of recognition by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) or Sport Accord.
Other bodies advocate widening the definition of sport to include all physical activity.Gymnastics appears to have been popular in China's ancient past.