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In 1738, Governor Manuel de Montiano established Fort Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose near St.
Augustine, a fortified town for escaped slaves to whom Montiano granted citizenship and freedom in return for their service in the Florida militia, and which became the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in North America.
Much of the state is at or near sea level and is characterized by sedimentary soil. Florida is one of only two states that has a tropical climate, the other one is Hawaii and is the only continental U. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.
Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues.
Spain established several settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success.
In 1559, Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano established a settlement at present-day Pensacola, making it the first attempted settlement in Florida, but it was mostly abandoned by 1561. Augustine (San Agustín) was established under the leadership of admiral and governor Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, creating what would become the oldest European settlement in the continental U. and establishing the first generation of Floridanos and the government of Florida.
This would be the first introduction of much of the English-derived legal system which Florida still has today including trial by jury, habeas corpus and county-based government.
It was part of a large expansion of British territory following their victory in the Seven Years' War.
(Spanish for "land of flowers") is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive, the 3rd-most populous, and the 8th-most densely populated of the U. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. About two-thirds of Florida occupies a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.